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Biopsy
 
A biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are collected. This can be done with a needle, which is inserted into the abnormal area.
An example is the needle breast biopsy. Needle biopsies are usually guided by different imaging techniques like ultrasound, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging. Stereotactic-assisted breast biopsies use computer maps to guide the needle. The location of the breast lump is provided from digital mammograms taken from two angles.
The cells can be removed and examined under a microscope to determine whether the abnormality is cancerous.
See also CT Guided Biopsy.
 
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Interventional Radiology in Cancer PatientsOpen this link in a new window
'Procedures performed by an interventional radiology specialist are becoming increasingly important in the management of patients ...'
Saturday, 1 July 2000 by www.aafp.org    
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MRI  (10) Open this link in a new windowUltrasound  (15) Open this link in a new windowMarket  (1) Open this link in a new window
CT Guided Biopsy
 
CAT/CT guided biopsies and other minimally invasive interventions are well established medical procedures. Since the beginning of computed tomography, conventional CAT/CT imaging studies has been used to guide an interventional procedure such as a tissue biopsy of a suspected tumor or metastases.
Advanced interventional CT scanners provide fluoroscopic techniques allowing additionally the guidance of minimally invasive surgery or micro-therapy. Fluoro CT allows the continuous monitoring of the needle trajectory or inserted surgical instrument. A wide gantry opening, external tilting laser for needle guidance and special software ease the intervention.
CT images are also used to plan radiotherapy cancer treatment and determine how the disease is responding to the treatment.


  Further Reading:
  Basics:
Interventional Radiology in Cancer PatientsOpen this link in a new window
'Procedures performed by an interventional radiology specialist are becoming increasingly important in the management of patients ...'
Saturday, 1 July 2000 by www.aafp.org    
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Gantry Aperture
 
The gantry aperture is the opening through which the table with the patient moves for the examination. Typical diameters of the gantry range from 50 to 85 cm. The gantry aperture diameters between 70 and 85 cm are useful for biopsy procedures and obese patients. Larger gantry apertures allow for easier handling of the biopsy equipment.
The scanning field of view in which the CT data are acquired is smaller than the gantry aperture diameter.
Searchterm 'Biopsy' was also found in the following services: 
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Interventional Radiology
 
Interventional radiology is an area of clinical subspecialty which uses various radiology techniques (such as fluoroscopy, ultrasound, computed tomography, and MRI procedures) to guide procedures such as a biopsy, inserting catheters, place wires, draining fluids, dilating or stenting narrowed ducts or vessels to diagnose or treat different conditions.
See also CT Guided Biopsy, Angioplasty, Coronary Angiogram and Interventional Ultrasound.

• View the NEWS results for 'Interventional Radiology' (1).Open this link in a new window. 


  Further Reading:
  Basics:
Interventional Radiology in Cancer PatientsOpen this link in a new window
'Procedures performed by an interventional radiology specialist are becoming increasingly important in the management of patients ...'
Saturday, 1 July 2000 by www.aafp.org    
Searchterm 'Biopsy' was also found in the following services: 
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MRI  (10) Open this link in a new windowUltrasound  (15) Open this link in a new windowMarket  (1) Open this link in a new window
Barium Sulfate
 
Barium sulfate (BaSO4) is an inert and insoluble white powder with high density. Barium belongs chemically to the group of heavy metals. Mixed with water and additional ingredients (e.g., sweetening agents), barium sulfate is the preferred positive contrast agent for abdominal x-ray and computed tomography examinations. The extremely low solubility of barium sulfate protects patients from absorbing harmful amounts of the metal (water soluble metal compounds are often highly toxic). The high density in x-ray examinations is related to the high atomic number, since large nuclei absorb x-rays much better than smaller nuclei.
Barium sulfate agents for opacification of the gastrointestinal tract are not absorbed or metabolized and are resistant to dilution. These contrast agents are opaque white suspensions and usually swallowed or administered as an enema. They provide better delineation of mucosal details and are less expensive than water-soluble iodinated contrast media. The elimination rate is a function of gastrointestinal transit time. After GI application, it leaves the body with the feces.

Contraindications of barium sulfate products in case of known or suspected:
point obstruction of the colon;
point gastrointestinal tract perforation;
point tracheoesophageal fistula;
point obstructing lesions of the small intestine;
point inflammation or neoplastic lesions of the rectum;
point hypersensitivity to barium sulfate formulations;
point recent rectal biopsy;
point pyloric stenosis.
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