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Result : Searchterm 'Colonoscopy' found in 2 terms [] and 5 definitions []
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Colonoscopy
 
A colonoscopy is an examination of the colon. To visualize the inner surface of the bowel, a lighted, flexible tubular instrument is inserted through the rectum. A conventional colonoscopy may take up to 2 hours counting recovery time from an often necessary sedation.
A virtual colonoscopy offers this sight into the body without this discomfort.
See Virtual Colonoscopy.
 
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Virtual Colonoscopy
 
Virtual colonoscopy provides a less invasive option to conventional polyp detection in the large intestine (colon and rectum). A virtual colonoscopy is a synthesis of a computed tomography (CT) scan, digital processing and virtual reality computer software.
A virtual colonoscopy is less invasive and more comfortable for patients than either conventional colonoscopy or a barium enema. No sedation is required and the examination takes less than 30 minutes.
A CT colonography offers a new option for a total colon evaluation and cancer detection and has the potential to be used for screening. A problem is the amount of information captured in a CT exam. Reviewing these images can be time-consuming and challenging.
See also Computed Tomography Enterography.

• View the NEWS results for 'Virtual Colonoscopy' (1).Open this link in a new window. 
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Barium Enema
 
A barium enema is an x-ray examination of the colon and rectum to find abnormalities such as polyps, diverticulosis, cancer, or inflammatory disease.
Liquid barium is administered through a small tube inserted into the rectum. In case of an air-contrast or double-contrast barium enema, the added air improves the evaluation of the lining of the large intestine.
Barium enemas require a bowel preparation with laxatives, starting one day before the examination.
See also Colonoscopy and Virtual Colonoscopy.
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Computed Tomography Enterography
 
(CTE) Computed tomography enterography is an imaging procedure to evaluate diseases affecting the mucosa and bowel wall of the small intestine. CTE uses oral contrast agents to improve bowel wall visualization. Several studies established that small bowel distention using negative oral contrast agent increases diagnostic performance of some abdomen CT studies.
The multi-detector row CT (MDCT) improves temporal and spatial resolution and 3D imaging processes offer a full examination of the small bowel with surrounding structures, depicting the small bowel inflammation associated with Crohn's disease by displaying mural hyperenhancement, stratification, and thickening.
CT enterography versus capsule endoscopy provides a non invasive study with comparable sensitivity, high specificity and overall accuracy.
See also Colonoscopy and Virtual Colonoscopy.


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Computed tomographic enterography adds information to clinical management in small bowel Crohn's disease.Open this link in a new window
'BACKGROUND: CT enterography yields striking findings in the bowel wall in Crohn's disease. These images may help to evaluate ...'
Tuesday, 13 March 2007 by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
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Abdomen CT
 
A computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen images the region from the thoracic diaphragm to the pelvic groin. The computed tomography technique uses x-rays to differentiate tissues by their different radiation absorption rates.
Oral contrast material can be given to opacify the bowel before scanning. An i.v. injection of a contrast agent (x-ray dye) improves the visualization of organs like liver, spleen, pancreas and kidneys and provides additional information about the blood supply.
Spiral- or helical CT, including improvements in detector technology support faster image acquisition with higher quality. Advanced CT systems can usually obtain a CT scan of the whole abdomen during a single breath hold. This speed increases the detection of small lesions (caused by differences in breathing on consecutive scans) and is beneficial especially in pediatric, elderly or critically-ill patients.
Changes in patient weight require variations in x-ray tube potential to maintain constant detector energy fluence. An increased x-ray tube potential improves the contrast to noise resolution (CNR).

An abdominal CT is typically used to help diagnose the cause of abdominal pain and diseases such as:
point appendicitis, diverticulitis;
point kidney and gallbladder calcifications;
point abscesses and inflammations;
point cancer, metastases and other tumors;
point pancreatitis;
point vascular disorders.

Other indications for CT scanning of the abdomen/pelvis include planning radiation treatments, guide biopsies and other minimally invasive procedures. Advanced techniques include for example 3D CT angiography, multiphasic contrast-enhanced imaging, virtual cystoscopy, virtual colonoscopy, CT urography and CT densitometry.
See also Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography.


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Impact of Abdominal CT on the Management of Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department with Acute Abdominal PainOpen this link in a new window
'OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to document the impact of CT performed in the emergency department of patients presenting ...'
Monday, 23 August 1999 by www.ajronline.org    
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